Several studies link premature births with periodontal disease in pregnancy. Oral health diseases increase the risk of preterm delivery and adverse outcomes in pregnant women. Therefore it is always necessary to take good oral health care to prevent periodontal disease. However, during pregnancy the risk of oral cavity diseases is a bit higher.
A U.S. study revealed that women with periodontal disease or gingivitis tend to have premature babies i.e. before 37 weeks gestation. Preliminary results of the study indicate that poorly maintained oral health during pregnancy is a risk factor for prematurity. The researchers studied 357 women. Those suffering from gum problems tended to give birth before 37 weeks of gestation. A normal pregnancy usually consists of 40 weeks. Additionally, these women had babies with lower weight and a higher risk of preeclampsia (toxemia), which causes a severe upward pressure on the stem which can be fatal.
What are the preventions?
What is not clear yet whether treating gum during pregnancy prevent premature delivery, so if you are not expecting a baby, start right now to take care of your teeth and gums. You need to be disciplined with the use of dental floss and brushing the teeth, because pregnancy hormones make you be more prone to inflammation of your gums and tooth decay.
So, visit the dentist more often to prevent your gums from getting sick and prevent premature labor or a baby with low birth weight. In general, it is also necessary to go for a regular checkup after every six months when you are not pregnant and every 3 when you’re pregnant. As well as reminding your dentist that you’re pregnant, to take the necessary precautions and do not expose to x-rays or drugs that may be harmful to the fetus.
Other tips to care for your oral hygiene during pregnancy
• Use dental floss every day
• Brush your teeth after every meal
• Replace your toothbrush every three months or after being sick to avoid the multiplication of bacteria
• Use antiseptic mouthwash
• Avoid candy and sweets. Simple carbohydrates (sugar, white rice, white bread) also contribute to decay.
• Visit your dentist immediately if you notice that your gums bleed, you feel pain when chewing or temperature sensitivity